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Category: Advancements in Research

Patient sleeping

Researchers advance blood testing for chronic fatigue syndrome

May 16, 2019

One of the hardest things about chronic fatigue syndrome is the stigma—the notion that it just might be all in your head. Chronic fatigue syndrome afflicts an estimated 800,000 to 2 million Americans and has no known cure. Symptoms include malaise, sleep problems, pain, dizziness and difficulty concentrating. The diagnosis, when made at all, is typically withheld until other diseases are ruled out.

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Researchers try blood tests to improve clinical trial matching

May 9, 2019

Finding the right clinical trials for very sick patients may be getting more precise and timely.Rather than enrolling patients in a trial based on their cancer type or a biopsy conducted months or years earlier, researchers in the UK recently used blood tests to get an up-to-date profile of genetic faults in the blood of 100 patients. In 11 cases, the researchers used the data to enroll them into an available “molecularly matched” clinical trial.

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Data entry on computer keyboard

Machine-made data models improve predictions for premature death

April 26, 2019

Researchers analyze a lot of data about specific diseases to discover new biomarkers and better predict treatment outcomes.University of Nottingham UK researchers, however, have taken a wide-angle approach to data and disease, enabling computers to essentially teach themselves to better predict early death from chronic disease in a large middle-aged population.

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Brain nerve cell

Can the adult human brain make new cells?

April 4, 2019

Can the adult human brain make new cells? A new study pushes the pendulum on this unsettled question back to yes, asserting that neurons regenerate in the hippocampus well into old age.

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HIV remission cases fuel hope for cure

March 14, 2019

Although the AIDS epidemic has ebbed, HIV infection remains prevalent, with about 5,000 new infections per day and nearly 37 million living with the virus. Thus, news this week that a second and third HIV infected patient appear to have recently been “cured” of the infection has kindled hope in the medical and patient communities.

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Microscope lenses

Promising Alzheimer’s research spotlights cellular cleaning system

February 28, 2019

Like household clutter hiding a homeowner’s keys, a malfunctioning cleaning system in brain cells is being linked to Alzheimer’s disease, according to new research. Improving the cellular cleaning system in lab animals makes Alzheimer’s symptoms nearly disappear, researchers say. Researchers have discovered that humans and animals with Alzheimer’s show signs of compromised mitophagy, the process […]

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hands holding a grocery hand basket filled with vegetables

Scientists uncover more gut-brain connections

February 14, 2019

They’re foreign to us, yet part of us. Do the trillions of microbes in and on our bodies control us? Well, these bacteria, fungi, protozoa and viruses – collectively called the microbiome – are quite likely affecting our brains and behavior to some degree.

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Woman smiling

Gene-based treatments show promise against sickle cell disease

February 7, 2019

Sickle cell disease, a group of blood disorders affecting more than 70,000 Americans, including about 1 in 500 African-Americans, is the target of new gene-related therapies that are delivering impressive results.

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Brain cancer differs markedly between men and women

February 1, 2019

The malignant brain cancer glioblastoma behaves distinctly differently in men and women, according to new research. The newly discovered insights may elevate sex as an important factor in how patients are treated.

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Diabetes monitor

The gut can affect how your diabetes medicine works – or doesn’t

January 17, 2019

In simple terms, you can think of medicine as a contest between disease and drugs. New research, however, spotlights an interloper in that relationship: the gut. The trillions of microbial cells in our gut – the human microbiome– can affect digestion, immunity and mood. They may also help determine why certain drugs work for some individuals but not for others, and why drugs sometimes work when delivered intravenously but not orally (or the other way around).

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